Techniques used include:

Massage – General massage of regions of the body that are painful or stiff, including trigger points and deep transverse friction (rarely necessary).

Mobilisation – is the passive movement of joints (spinal or peripheral) by the therapist. It is the manual moving, stretching, lengthening and easing of all the tissues of the body.

Traction – Gentle stretching of the spinal regions of the neck or low back to relieve pain and nerve root compression in the spine. This may be performed manually by the therapist or on an electronic bed designed to stretch the body.